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“It had a great, high wall with twelve gates, and with twelve angels at the gates. On the gates were written the names of the twelve tribes of Israel. There were three gates on the east, three on the north, three on the south and three on the west. The wall of the city had twelve foundations, and on the them were the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.” Revelation 21:12-14
Recently exiled to Babylon, a prophet arose among the Israelites–Ezekiel. He had the distinct travail of bringing a message of destruction to his fellow expatriates. They would not be returning any time soon to their homeland as they had hoped. Rather they would hear of their sacred temple burning to the ground.
But Ezekiel was also given the message of eternal hope. Israel–and all the nations–would one day stand judgment before God. Their words and actions weighed in the heavenly balance [Daniel 5:27]. The faithful would see Jerusalem restored like never before and the temple refashioned in all its heavenly glory. In this, Ezekiel’s fourth and final vision [Ezekiel 48], we find a description of the New Jerusalem much like the one here in Revelation 21:12, with the primary difference being that of size.
The city of Ezekiel’s vision had walls totaling 18,000 cubits or 6 miles around, while John’s vision of the New Jerusalem has four walls each 12,000 stadia or 1,400 miles long. Which means that each wall will be about as long as the distance from New York City to Oklahoma City. And each wall is just as high as it is long. A giant cube!
Both Temple visions show us that there will be three gates on each of the four city walls. Maps of the original city, show anywhere from 8-12 gates, with the city being a somewhat long, skinny, misshapen oval–not unlike an upside down, mini-Israel. Jerusalem has gone through several different wall building stages in its history. Through the years, gate names included: Dung Gate, Fountain Gate, Water Gate, Horse Gate, East Gate, Master Gate, Sheep Gate, Fish Gate, Old Gate and Valley Gate. Probably so named for the main transport through each.
The New Jerusalem, however, will be a perfect square–perfect being the operative holy standard. Three gates on each wall, like the triune godhead. And the gates will be named for the 12 tribes of Israel, because people have always been the ones whom God intended to enter His gates. The twelve foundations each with an apostles’ name [Acts 1:13 & 26], again showing that heaven is not just for God’s chosen nation, Israel, but for the church as well [Revelation 4:4]. For everyone who calls upon the name of the Lord [Joel 2:32; Acts 2:21; Romans 10:13], who believes on Jesus and Him crucified [John 3:16], whose name is found written in the Lamb’s Book of Life [Revelation 13:8, 20:15 & 21:27], the redeemed, the forgiven will be saved and enter these gates with thanksgiving [Psalm 100:4].
The wall will be high, speaking of the wealth and splendor and might of God. The gates attended by angels–those beings who never faltered in their reverence for and worship of the Most High. Just as everything was perfectly prepared in anticipation for our arrival nearly 6,000 years ago on Day 6 of the Creation [Genesis 1], so is heaven perfectly prepared and ready to receive us back into the arms of our loving Father God [Luke 15:20-24 & 32].
Have you been made new? Will you enter the gates of the New Jerusalem with eternal thanksgiving? Or the lake of fire with eternal lament?
“Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and there was no longer any sea. I saw the Holy City, the new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride beautifully dressed for her husband. And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, ‘Now the dwelling of God is with men, and he will live with them. They will be his people, and God himself will be with them and be their God. He will wipe every tear from their eyes. There will be no more death or mourning or crying or pain, for the old order of things has passed away.’ He who was seated on the throne said, ‘I am making everything new!’ Then he said, ‘Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.” Revelation 21:1-5
From the moment sin entered Creation, God laid the foundations for the new heaven and the new earth [Genesis 3:15 & 21-24; Isaiah 65:17]. The land masses of the first earth were surrounded and divided by seas since Day 3 of the Creation, and in Babel’s day, God divided the people over the face of the whole earth so that they wouldn’t influence one another for evil [Genesis 11:8-9]. But there will not be a need for such a separation in heaven. There believers will be of one heart for Jesus, they will be of one accord in praise [2 Peter 3:13; 2 Corinthians 6:16; Revelation 3:12].
The New Jerusalem will be a heavenly city, a true dwelling for God among the redeemed [Hebrews 12:22]. A dwelling that God Most High prepared for us like a bride prepares for her wedding [John 14:2; Hebrews 11:10]. Like the Temple was an earthly wonder to behold, the heavenly Jerusalem will be like nothing we can imagine.
But it isn’t for the New city that we hope, it is for the restored relationship with God. That we will once again be the people that He created us to be with reverence for God restored to our hearts. Though Jesus was God with us on earth for a short time, when we are restored as God’s people, He will be with us for eternity. He will undo all that sin that we have done–no more tears and no more pain [Genesis 3:16-18; Isaiah 65:19; Revelation 7:17], no more death and no more mourning the dead [Genesis 3:19; Isaiah 35:10; 1 Corinthians 15:26].
We live in the old world. It is lost and dying and it will pass away. While we are here, we live in our old bodies, which will also pass away. We can choose to allow God to make us new in this life. Our old bodies will still pass away, but our new soul man will live on.
This is a truth you can take to the bank. It is absolutely trustworthy, unlike the promises of this world.
Are you a new creation in Christ? Has your relationship with God been restored?
“This is the first resurrection. Blessed and holy are those who have part in the first resurrection. The second death has no power over them, but they will be priests of God and of Christ and will reign with him for a thousand years. When the thousand years are over, Satan will be released from his prison and will go out to deceive the nations in the four corners of the earth–Gog and Magog–to gather them for battle. In number they are like the sand on the seashore. They marched across the breadth of the earth and surrounded the camp of God’s people, the city he loves. But fire came down from heaven and devoured them. And the devil, who deceived them, was thrown into the lake of burning sulfur, where the beast and the false prophet had been thrown. They will be tormented day and night for ever and ever.” Revelation 20:5b-10
If there is a first resurrection, then there must also be a second resurrection. Later in this same chapter [Revelation 20:11-15] a second resurrection is described, though not so named. It occurs when the dead are raised at the white throne judgment. These dead will be judged for their deeds, and, their names not being found in the Book of Life, will be cast into the lake of burning sulfur with Satan for all eternity–the second death.
Chronologically, the millennial reign, first resurrection, Satan’s doom and second resurrection and death are difficult to pinpoint within the rest of the end time narrative. On one hand, the saints as judges comes after the antichrist [Revelation 13 & 16:2 & 10-11] because it includes those who resisted his reign [Revelation 20:4]. On the other hand, when Satan is released, he gathers the nations for battle [Revelation 21:8] just as is done for the battle of Armageddon [Revelation 16:14-16]. So is this a second battle after the millennial reign, or is scripture showing zoomed-in-and-out pieces of the end times timeline as it did with the Creation account?
More importantly are the key players–Gog and Magog. First mentioned in Ezekiel 38 & 39, Magog was a descendant of Japheth son of Noah and was prophesied to be joined by Cush and Put, descendants of Ham son of Noah. These two Gentile lineages here represent the wayward world, standing for one final rebellion against God.
In true Satan counterfeit fashion, the armies that battle God will number as many as the sand on the seashore–a number equivalent to the promised descendants of Abraham [Genesis 22:17; Hebrews 11:12]. They will march on God’s people–originally the line of Shem son of Noah, though now including all who believe on the Lord Jesus Christ [John 3:16].
As the adversary encircles the holy city–counterfeit to the Israelites marching around Jericho to take hold of the Promised Land–fire falls and consumes them. A fire to which the generations offered their children in direct opposition to God [Leviticus 18:21 & 2 Kings 23:10, et al; Jeremiah 19:15]. A fire in which Christ stood with Hananiah, Mishael and Azariah [Daniel 3:25]. A fire that washes everyone who stands against God to their eternal demise with the father of deception, Satan.
Regardless of when the 1,000 years occurs and whether or not all believers will be resurrected to live through it, our citizenship is the most important thing. Is your name in the Lamb’s Book of Life? Have you accepted Jesus’ redemption of your heavenly citizenship?
“Then I heard what sounded like a great multitude, like the roar of rushing waters and like loud peals of thunder, shouting: ‘Hallelujah! For our Lord God Almighty reigns. Let us rejoice and be glad and give him glory! For the wedding of the Lamb has come, and his bride has made herself ready. Fine linen, bright and clean, was given her to wear.’ (Fine linen stands for the righteous acts of the saints.)” Revelation 19:6-8
Again, heaven resounds with the call to praise. From the living throne of God. From the twenty-four elders. From the angels. And from the great multitude of the redeemed. All praise God for being Lord–that is Sovereign ruler–and for being Almighty–that is all-powerful, none can stand against. He reigns. He alone is the authority and government over everything and everyone that is. Always has been. Always will be. And there is nothing false or corrupt in Him.
The idea of living in a perfect world is one of many evidences of eternity in the hearts of humankind [Ecclesiastes 3:11]. It is something that many desire, though not at the expense of their freewill.
The thing about heaven is that our freewill will not be forfeit, it will be restored to its originally created intention. It will be predicated on a reverence for God that fills our heart to overflowing. That reverent love will extend to our fellow humanity and the rest of the new creation exactly as it was always meant to be on this earth.
For this reason, we will rejoice. Everything about the truth of God and creation and life and death and sin and forgiveness will be perfectly understood [1 Corinthians 13:12]. We will see God and know Him for who He truly is, just as everything that we have hidden away about ourselves will also be seen in the light of truth [Romans 14:12; 2 Corinthians 5:10].
But as the bride of Christ, He has been preparing a home for us in His heavenly inheritance [John 14:2]. Like Hosea’s wife, Gomer, we were estranged to our betrothed, breaking our commitment to honor and cherish God alone above all else, but He will forgive our wayward hearts if we ask [Isaiah 54:5-7; Ephesians 5:31-32] and He does so joyfully. For He has never stopped loving us, despite our wandering, unfaithful ways [John 3:16; 2 Peter 3:9]. He has never stopped seeking our hearts and calling us back to Himself. He has never chosen another to replace us.
And even though we wallow in the filth of this world, by faith the good things we have done in this life–though they are filthy rags against His holiness [Isaiah 64:6]–will be counted to us as righteousness, and He will clothe us in the finest white garments that ever were [Revelation 3:5 & 18, 7:9]. He will throw a reception feast unparalleled on this earth with the faithful as His honored bride [Matthew 22:2 & 25:10; Revelation 2:17].
Extremely joyful–aka blessed–are all those who have received His forgiveness in this life, for they will be the honored, faithful wife that Christ brings with Himself to this banquet before the Heavenly Father.
Will you be counted among the faithful? Have you received the forgiveness of Christ for your sins? Is He the Lord of your life?
“After this I heard what sounded like the roar of a great multitude in heaven shouting: ‘Hallelujah! Salvation and glory and power belong to our God, for true and just are his judgments. He has condemned the great prostitute who corrupted the earth by her adulteries. He has avenged on her the blood of his servants.’ The twenty-four elders and the four living creatures fell down and worshiped God, who was seated on the throne. And they cried: ‘Amen, Hallelujah!’ Then a voice came from the throne, saying: ‘Praise our God, all you his servants, you who fear him, both small and great!” Revelation 19:1-5
As in a refrain from a song, the praise we heard when we first entered the heavenly throne room repeats itself here. This time, the multitude [Revelation 5:12-13, 7:9-17 & 11:15] shouts the psalmist’s invitation for all to join in the praise–hallelujah!–most often translated, Praise the Lord.
And why is the multitude praising God?
For salvation, which is found by grace alone through faith alone in the person of Jesus Christ and his death on the cross [Ephesians 2:8; John 3:16].
For who He is, God. In Him alone is true glory–magnificence, true beauty, high renown and honor. In Him alone is true power–omniscience, omnipotence, all-seeing, wisdom and sovereignty–which he exercises in grace, mercy and love for us. He alone is truth. He alone is the just judge who will weigh the hearts of people [1 Samuel 16:7; Daniel 5:25-27; Hebrews 4:12]. He alone is able to stand against the false religion and systems of this world and bring them to naught, upholding the faith of those He has redeemed, those who have laid down their earthly lives for Him [Revelation 6:9-10].
We come full circle back to the throne room introduction [Revelation 4] where we were first introduced to the twenty-four elders–representative of Old and New Testament believers–and the four living creatures–the living and active throne of God Himself. At the praise of the multitudes, these who continually worship the Lord fall onto their faces more deeply humbled and thankful for all that God is and all that He has done.
And just as they exclaimed, Amen, when Jesus was found worthy to open the seven-sealed scroll, so here the exclaim, Amen, once again, confirming the right-hearted praise from God’s people. Amen. So be it. The English is bankrupt here, because so be it only renders a sense of future completion, where in actuality, the subject of this praise has already been accomplished from the very beginning. Amen should be better translated as three parts in our language to convey the fullest understanding–So has it been, So it is and So it will continually be–reflecting the true nature of God.
Then God’s throne itself echoes the call to praise to the multitude of God’s servants who are now in the new heaven and the new earth for all eternity.
When this day comes, will you be counted among the faithful servants around God’s throne?
by Kristen C. Strocchia
“Then the angel said to me, ‘The waters you saw, where the prostitute sits, are peoples, multitudes, nations and languages. The beast and the ten horns you saw will hate the prostitute. They will bring her to ruin and leave her naked; they will eat her flesh and burn her with fire. For God has put it into their hearts to accomplish his purpose by agreeing to give the beast their power to rule, until God’s words are fulfilled. The woman you saw is the great city that rules over the kings of the earth.” Revelation 17:15-18
How interesting that false religion is shown sitting on waters that represent every people, multitude, nation and language–the very wayward hearts that will all one day bow and confess Christ is Lord [Romans 14:11; Philippians 2:10-11]. The human heart is an ocean of purpose [Proverbs 20:5]. God created it to be just that. But fraught with sin, the unrepentant heart is as the deep pit of the wayward woman [Proverbs 23:27]. The unrepentant heart is a blind heart leading other blind hearts to stumble and fall into the pit of false religion [Matthew 15:14; Luke 6:39].
More interesting yet is that the antichrist and his puppet kings will actually hate false religion–meaning they will prefer atheism to people believing in a fractured pantheon. They will promote atheism, denouncing any belief in any god–real or imagined–until the sin began at Babel is old news.
It is so much easier to prevent the sprouting of faith in the hear that has removed all possibility of faith. As long as the idea that some intelligent being greater than ourselves is out there–no matter how twisted and bankrupt this idea of a god is–then this view f God can be corrected and cultivated into true and lasting faith. But when the seed of childlike faith has been smothered out from infancy, it is a near impossibility that belief can ever take root in the heart and mature.
Babylon has long held the hearts of the rulers of this world. She has offered the illusion of worldly power and authority, the opportunity to choose the eternal ending to one’s life story–but it is all just fantasy. Not only that, but when the world throws off the veil of false religion, they will be confronted with the true face of their love–Satan, the adversary of the One True God. They will have to boldface accept Him, denouncing the Creator once and for all, bringing to full culmination the sin began in the Garden [Genesis 3:5; Isaiah 14:13].
From the beginning, though, God prayed for every human heart [Deuteronomy 5:29]–Oh, that their hearts would be inclined to fear me and keep all my commands always, so that it might go well with them and their children forever! He prayed that we would choose to care for the childlike faith that He placed in each of our hearts. He prayed that we would love Him and one another as He intended from the start [Luke 10:27; Mark 12:30-31]. He prayed that we would accept His plan of redemption by faith and, thereby, live eternally with Him [John 3:16; 2 Peter 3:9].
Are you an answer to God’s prayer?
by Kristen C. Strocchia
“The ten horns you saw are ten kings who have not yet received a kingdom, but who for one hour will receive authority as kings along with the beast. They have one purpose and will give their power and authority to the beast. They will make war against the Lamb, but the Lamb will overcome them because he is Lord of lords and King of kings–and with him will be his called, chosen and faithful followers.” Revelation 17:12-14
Seven heads representing seven hills and seven kings–five Bible present tense, one Bible near future, and one prophetic future. From these heads protrude ten horns which are ten more kings to come in the prophetic future. One hour is an expression here to show a short amount of time [Revelation 2:10] rather than a literal hour. These will be the puppet kings of the beast. He will stroke their egos and promote their rise to power–power that will remain subservient to his own.
Now many would suggest from such a passage as this that God hand selected in advance who will be saved and who will be condemned to hell before anyone even had a chance to live. Not so. If that were the case, He could easily have inspired the writers to include detailed names to show the world that that is how He operates.
God has nothing to hide, and He hides nothings from us. John calls them ten kings here, because that is the extent of the revelation. No one is destined to fulfill the job of the doomed kings who serve the beast, but there will be many who choose not to pursue a path of Godliness. And among these godless, there will be ten who allow the pursuit of power to sweep them into a position of eternal condemnation.
Ultimately, these job openings will exist in order to elevate the antichrist before the masses–not because God abdicates His authority, but because all people will have to make a final decision of whom they will serve: the One True God or a false-god.
These are the kings who will throw themselves into the battle of Armageddon [Revelation 16:16], so we can also see that this chapter 17 is not exactly chronological. Much like the Genesis 2 Creation close viewpoint excerpt, Revelation 17 is a close viewpoint excerpt following the destruction of false religion during the end times.
At the end of all things, Jesus is victorious. He has already won. There is no Lord–sovereign ruler–who is greater. There is no king who is greater. Never has been and never will be.
He has called everyone to Himself, not wanting any to perish [2 Peter 3:9]. He has chosen those who believe on Him [John 3:16] and finds them faithful through the forgiveness of the cross.
Are you on the path to Godliness? Do you believe in Jesus redeeming work on the cross? Have you accepted His forgiveness and lordship in your life?