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“I did not see a temple in the city, because the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are its temple. The city does not need sun or the moon to shine on it, for the glory of God gives it light, and the Lamb is its lamp. The nations will walk by its light, and the kings of the earth will bring their splendor into it. On no day will its gates ever be shut, for there will be no night there. The glory and honor of the nations will be brought into it. Nothing impure will ever enter it, nor will anyone who does what is shameful or deceitful, but only those whose names are written in the Lamb’s book of life.” Revelation 21:22-27
The temple was the center of Jewish spiritual life. It was the place the Israelites came to draw near to God–and He to them–for them to worship and to offer sacrifice. In the Old Testament, God’s presence indwelled the Most Holy Place of both tabernacle and temple. The mercy seat therein resembled a glorious, ancient throne room. And the Most Holy Place itself was shaped as a perfect cube like the city of New Jerusalem–the heavenly Jerusalem.
All was just a copy and a shadow of that on which we are to truly set our hearts. The eternal throne room of God, His Most Holy dwelling place among His faithful people in the New Jerusalem .
In heaven, we won’t need a temple to draw near to God. We will live in His presence. In heaven, we won’t need a temple to worship God. Like the four living creatures, the twenty-four elders and the angels, we will continually worship God Almighty [John 4:21-23]. In heaven, we won’t need a temple to make sacrifices to God. We will live eternally thanks to Jesus’ sacrifice once and for all for our sins.
So radiant is He that no lights outside His being will be necessary [Isaiah 24:23 & 60:19-20]. How inspired of the Spirit when the Psalmist said, your Word is a lamp unto my feet and a light unto my path [Psalm 119:105].
No more will darkness reign upon the earth–the new creation [Matthew 4:26; John 1:5]. No more will corruption reign in government. No more will people trespass against one another [Matthew 6:12; Luke 11:4].
The gates of the New Jerusalem will ever be open to the inhabitants of the new heaven and the new earth. Night will never fall. Safety and peace never compromised or threatened [Isaiah 52:1; Joel 3:17; Zechariah 14:11]. No more terror. Nothing contrary to the love of God will enter His gates. Only those who have received salvation by grace through faith [Ephesians 2:8-9].
Do you see by the sun or by the Holy One of Israel? Are your feet on the straight and narrow path to the New Jerusalem [Matthew 7:14]?
“The wall was made of jasper, and the city of pure gold, as pure as glass. The foundations of the city walls were decorated with every kind of precious stone. This first foundation was jasper, the second sapphire, the third chalcedony, the fourth emerald, the fifth sardonyx, the sixth carnelian, the seventh chrysolite, the eighth beryl, the ninth topaz, the tenth chrysoprase, the eleventh jacinth, and the twelfth amethyst. The twelve gates were twelve pearls, each gate made of a single pearl. The great street of the city was of pure gold, like transparent glass.” Revelation 21:18-21
Walls made of jasper–the stone of the tribe of Benjamin–meaning son of my right hand [Genesis 35:18], or honored son. The New Jerusalem is the city of God’s Son. A city of pure gold–His people refined in the fire [1 Peter 1:7; Revelation 3:18]. Pure as glass–transparent. Nothing sinful. Nothing hidden [Genesis 3:8 & 10].
The first foundation, also jasper–the last son of Jacob, the last Adam–Jesus Christ [1 Corinthians 15:45]. Look at how the last shall be first [Matthew 20:16]–the tribe of Benjamin before all his brothers and Jesus Christ the Alpha and Omega before the first man Adam.
Each foundation stone representative of the tribes of Israel as was worn on the priestly ephod when they ministered before the Lord in the Tabernacle and the Temple [Exodus 28:17].
Reuben: carnelian [aka sardius or ruby]
Simeon: topaz/chrysolite [aka peridot, emerald or topaz]
Manasseh, Levi, Judah: beryl [aka carbuncle or emerald]
Judah, Zebulon: emerald [aka carbuncle or beryl or diamond]
Nephtali: jacinth [aka ligure]
Gad, Ephraim: chalcedony [aka agate or onyx]
Gad, Ephraim: chrysoprase [aka calcedony, agate or onyx]
Ephraim: sardonyx [aka onyx alternated with sardius]
The book of Job tells about how we human beings plumb the depths of the earth for hidden riches [Job 28:1-19]. In the name of beauty, wealth and greatness, we ferret out every nugget of gold and precious gem the ground produces.
But before Adam and Eve ushered sin into the world, riches like these were abundant, even laying on the ground as commonplace as gravel or river rock [Genesis 2:12]. After sin, though, all of Creation was broken. The truth of eternity hidden from human understanding.
What does this have to do with the foundations of heaven? As aliens and strangers in this world [Hebrews 11:13; 1 Peter 2:11], we are naturally drawn to the wonder, beauty and riches of our heavenly home. We dig into the earth seeking treasure to fill the need for something that we are missing. It is the natural response of the eternity in our hearts [Ecclesiastes 3:11]. Yet because of sin, we do not recognize the shards of heaven when we find them. Rather they become the impetus for greed and the root of all kinds of evil [1 Timothy 6:10].
Beauty is fleeting [Proverbs 31:30]. Earthly wealth will pass away [Proverbs 13:22]. Greatness belongs to God alone [Psalm 145:3]. True wonder emanates from Him alone.
Do you search for God as for hidden treasure [Proverbs 2:4]? Do you seek Him while He may be found [Isaiah 55:6]?
“The angel who talked with me had a measuring rod of gold to measure the city, its gates and its walls. The city was laid out like a square, as long as it was wide. He measured the city with the rod and found it to be 12,000 stadia in length, and as wide and high as it is long. He measured its wall and it was 144 cubits thick, by man’s measurement, which the angel was using.” Revelation 21:15-17
When the New Jerusalem descends, the angel who had poured out one of the seven bowls of God’s wrath continues to show John what will be. This time, he measures the city, as was done in the book of Ezekiel. Both books use human increments to report the measurements. Just like Genesis uses 7 human days to explain the Creation and Sabbath rest, throughout scriptures, God uses human terms to communicate His truth with us.
The angel, and therefore John, is very specific here. The New Jerusalem is a perfect cube, just like the Most Holy Place of both the earthly Temple and Tabernacle [1 Kings 6:19-20]. And the angel is measuring with human cubits–the length of a man’s fingertip to elbow–approximately 18 inches. He specifically states that he is using man’s measurement, because man is made in the image of God [Genesis 1:27]. So imagine how big God’s cubit would be!
Even in human terms, these dimensions equal a city with a base area of 1,960,000 miles²–that’s like India and Saudi Arabia put together–and a volume of 2,744,000,000 miles³. Besides the interior space this creates in the city, the wall is about 200 feet thick–that’s about the width of a football field plus its sidelines.
Imagine the city wall apartments and skyscraper mansions a city of this dimension would hold, not to mention the wide open spaces. And this is just the city of New Jerusalem, the center of God’s eternal presence with us. *Brain explosion*
Can you imagine? Will you stop only at imagination? Or will you lay hold of heaven with your life?
“Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and there was no longer any sea. I saw the Holy City, the new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride beautifully dressed for her husband. And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, ‘Now the dwelling of God is with men, and he will live with them. They will be his people, and God himself will be with them and be their God. He will wipe every tear from their eyes. There will be no more death or mourning or crying or pain, for the old order of things has passed away.’ He who was seated on the throne said, ‘I am making everything new!’ Then he said, ‘Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.” Revelation 21:1-5
From the moment sin entered Creation, God laid the foundations for the new heaven and the new earth [Genesis 3:15 & 21-24; Isaiah 65:17]. The land masses of the first earth were surrounded and divided by seas since Day 3 of the Creation, and in Babel’s day, God divided the people over the face of the whole earth so that they wouldn’t influence one another for evil [Genesis 11:8-9]. But there will not be a need for such a separation in heaven. There believers will be of one heart for Jesus, they will be of one accord in praise [2 Peter 3:13; 2 Corinthians 6:16; Revelation 3:12].
The New Jerusalem will be a heavenly city, a true dwelling for God among the redeemed [Hebrews 12:22]. A dwelling that God Most High prepared for us like a bride prepares for her wedding [John 14:2; Hebrews 11:10]. Like the Temple was an earthly wonder to behold, the heavenly Jerusalem will be like nothing we can imagine.
But it isn’t for the New city that we hope, it is for the restored relationship with God. That we will once again be the people that He created us to be with reverence for God restored to our hearts. Though Jesus was God with us on earth for a short time, when we are restored as God’s people, He will be with us for eternity. He will undo all that sin that we have done–no more tears and no more pain [Genesis 3:16-18; Isaiah 65:19; Revelation 7:17], no more death and no more mourning the dead [Genesis 3:19; Isaiah 35:10; 1 Corinthians 15:26].
We live in the old world. It is lost and dying and it will pass away. While we are here, we live in our old bodies, which will also pass away. We can choose to allow God to make us new in this life. Our old bodies will still pass away, but our new soul man will live on.
This is a truth you can take to the bank. It is absolutely trustworthy, unlike the promises of this world.
Are you a new creation in Christ? Has your relationship with God been restored?
“These are the regulations for the fellowship offering anyone may offer to the Lord: If they offer it as an expression of thankfulness, then along with this thank offering they are to offer thick loaves made without yeast and with olive oil mixed in, thin loaves made without yeast and brushed with olive oil, and thick loaves of the finest flour well-kneaded and with oil mixed in. Along with their fellowship offering of thanksgiving they are to present an offering with thick loaves of bread made with yeast. They are to bring one of each kind as an offering, a contribution to the Lord; it belongs to the priest who splashes the blood of the fellowship offering against the altar. The meat of their fellowship offering of thanksgiving is to be eaten on the day it is offered; they must leave none of it till morning.” Leviticus 7:11-15
Throughout the Old Testament, the Israelites were bound up in a sacrificial system that was designed as a divine awareness campaign [Romans 7:7-8]. It is so easy, as sinful humans, to walk around believing that we are right and everyone else is wronging us. But under the Mosaic law each person had to analyze themselves, they had to consider their actions and their motives, then offer sacrifice according to the measure of their wrongdoing.
To be clear, the law and sacrificial system were never meant to provide forgiveness for sins, just to make people aware of themselves from an eternal perspective [Acts 13:39; Romans 8:3; Hebrews 10:4].
But there was also a sacrificial offering prescribed for those who wanted to give thanks to God. A variation on the fellowship offering–in which man could commune with the God from whom he was estranged–the thanksgiving offering required the making of bread. Yeast-free loaves both thick and thin. Thick yeasty loaves. Each with a variation on the use of olive oil. [It makes me imagine being in a French bakery!] Think of how wonderful all of this fresh baked bread smelled, all warm and crusty on the outside, soft and butter-melting on the inside–though they probably didn’t do the butter thing at that time.
The command is to prepare loaves–plural–but only to share one of each kind with the priest making the blood-offering at the altar. So where does the rest of the bread offering go? And what about the meat from the animal whose blood gets sprinkled?
Well, fellowship meant truly that. The people prepared their gifts to eat with God. He wasn’t-and still isn’t–aloft and untouchable, though He is holy and sovereign. To bring a fellowship offering was to share a meal with God. Though He Himself is not flesh and blood, so His representative, the priest, ate the thanksgiving meal in God’s stead.
In this way, the people were reminded of the guilt of their sin and how it separates them from God. They were also shown that God wanted to make an offering on their behalf–an offering to reconcile Him to them–so that, one day, all humans everywhere could fellowship with Him the way He intended from the Creation. It was a time of divine thanksgiving as well as for those who wanted to actively give thanks to God for His goodness in their lives. God rejoices when we, His beloved Creation, draw near to Him with thanksgiving.
The law and the sacrificial system no longer regulate our behavior, but God’s desire to reconcile and commune with His Creation is unchanging.
Have you an offering of thanksgiving for God? Will you draw near to Him during this time of corporate thanksgiving to fellowship with your heavenly Father?
by Kristen C. Strocchia
“For the living know that they will die, but the dead know nothing; they have no further reward, and even their name is forgotten.” Ecclesiastes 9:5
One of the customs of Day of the Dead is to build an altar and fill it with the favorite foods and possessions of those who have died. This act of remembrance is done in the belief that the souls of the departed will return and be happy to know that you have remembered them.
Scripture is clear, however, that the souls cannot return to us or enjoy this world anymore. They cannot hear or feel or choose to follow God if they did not accept Him in life [Ecclesiastes 9:5]. We should not become superstitious or fearful about them, or in anyway devote our time and passions to the dead [Leviticus 19:28; Deuteronomy 14:1 & 26:14]. Therefore, while it can be healthy and good to remember those who have gone before us, remembering is for the living. The dead cannot enjoy the smells and sights of a painstakingly prepared altar memorial.
However, altars are mentioned 384 times and offerings 728 times in the Bible from Genesis to Revelation, so they do have a very significant spiritual place in the Christian life.
The first altar is mentioned when Noah gets out of the ark and makes a sacrifice of thanksgiving to God [Genesis 8:20]. Each altar is built as a place of remembering God.
The first offerings, on the other hand, go all the way back to Cain and Abel [Genesis 4:3-5]. Very specific offerings and times are prescribed. God instituted this sacrificial system so that the Israelites would be aware of their sinful state, though the sacrifices themselves could not fix the sins [Hebrews 10:4].
God, however, asks us to prepare our hearts as an altar for our lives [Romans 12:1]. That is, He asks us to remember Him with our whole heart–intellect, will and emotion. By doing so, we will recognize our sinful state and repent. Through repentance we accept Jesus’ lordship in our lives, allowing His forgiveness to cover our sins.
Satan would have us forsake altars and offerings or misuse them, but he does not want our cultural understanding to be made whole or our spiritual vision to be made clear. He does not want human beings to restore the heavenly altar of our hearts.
Will you consecrate your heart to Christ? Will you lay your life on the altar of a Godly heart?
by Kristen C. Strocchia
“The seventh angel poured out his bowl into the air, and out of the temple came a loud voice from the throne, saying, ‘It is done!’ Then there came flashes of lightning, rumblings, peals of thunder and a severe earthquake. No earthquake like it has ever occurred since man has been on earth, so tremendous was the quake. The great city split into three parts, and the cities of the nations collapsed. God remembered Babylon the Great and gave her the cup filled with the wine of the fury of his wrath. Every island fled away and the mountains could not be found. From the sky huge hailstones of about hundred pounds each fell upon men. And they cursed God on account of the plague of hail, because the plague was so terrible.” Revelation 16:17-21
Seven. Once again we come to the number of completion, only this time, there is no reprieve. The angel dumps his bowl into the atmosphere and God’s voice rumbles out of the heavenly temple. He proclaims, It is done–Gegonen–which in English, translates similar to Jesus’ words from the cross [John 19:30], It is finished–Tetelestai–though in Greek, they have unrelated roots.
Jesus’ Tetelestai declaration literally means have been fully developed, most likely related to the James 1:15 description of sin that is fully grown–apotelestheisa. The full-grown sinful nature of humanity weighed on Jesus as he hung, of His own free will, on the cross to pay the wage of that sin with His life blood.
God’s Gegonen proclamation, on the other hand, translates as many different phrases–took place [Matthew 1:22; et al], occurred [Matthew 24:21; et al], happened [Mark 5:33; et al], has been done/came to pass [Matthew 19:8; et al], has come [John 12:30; et al], come into being/made [John 1:3] and even fell [1 Timothy 2:14]–but all referring to a present perfect or completed action. Literally, it has become–the end of sin in the Creation has come to pass at long last, consummated by an earthquake to end all earthquakes.
An earthquake without the merciful restraint shown during the seal judgments [Revelation 6:12-14]. Every island and mountain will return to the deep from whence it was called. The plague of hail, once visited on Egypt, will be heaped one-hundred fold on the heads of those who worshiped the antichrist and his father, Satan.
And, bitterly clinging to their distorted perception of free will, humanity will, for the last time, shake their fists at God and curse Him for the result of their own arrogance and defiance.
The great city, Jerusalem [Revelation 11:2,8], is rent in three pieces, not unlike the Temple veil splitting in two at Jesus’ crucifixion [Matthew 27:51]. Every city on the planet will be destroyed in this great quake. Remembering the idolatry that began in Babylon, God will remove, once and for all, every trace of false religion from the Creation.
But He would rather that we will to love Him as He first loved us. He would rather that we invite His Holy Spirit to root out every trace of false religion and self-as-god defiance from our hearts. He would rather that we accept Jesus’ Tetelestai on our behalf instead of His Gegonen at the end of all things.